Wednesday, July 31, 2019

Gawker 2.0 lays off entire staff

According to the New York Post:

https://nypost.com/2019/07/30/bdg-postpones-gawker-relaunch-lays-off-entire-staff/

This line in particular caught my attention:
In June, Ben Barna, an editor from Interview, joined Gawker and left after only five months.
That sentence doesn't make sense grammatically, but I get the gist:  Ben Barna joined Gawker in January, and he left in June.  I'm curious what exactly you do as an editor for five months when there's no website.  Do you show up an office, hash out ideas, and eat cheese?  If so, that sounds like a job I could do!

Saturday, July 27, 2019

Is true love dead in Minneapolis?

The Daily Mail is reporting that Ilhan Omar and Ahmed Hirsi have split and are heading for a divorce:

https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-7287273/Ilhan-Omar-SPLITS-husband-father-three-children.html

Of course, they could still reconcile.  (They already reconciled once before!)

Friday, July 26, 2019

Some person allegedly stole something

According to The Guardian:

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2019/jul/25/danielle-stella-republican-ilhan-omar-charged-felony-qanon-trump

So...does Danielle Stella have a future court date?  I wish I understood these things better.

She does have an attorney:
An attorney for Stella, Joshua London, declined to comment.
Stella is accused of stealing 279 items valued at $2,327.97 from a Target store in Edina, to the south-west of Minneapolis, on 8 January this year. She was arrested for the alleged theft after security staff called the police.
She did miss an earlier court hearing:
Police and court records said a warrant was put out for Stella’s re-arrest for alleged contempt of court on 4 April, after she failed to show up for a court hearing...
And it sounds like she has another one scheduled:
The report said Stella was arrested for alleged misdemeanour theft for taking “cat merchandise” and cat food valued at $40.46. She was issued with a citation and given a date to appear in court. It was not clear whether authorities would pursue the contempt of court allegation.

STEEEELLLLAAAAA!

Thursday, July 25, 2019

toidI_nA_tahW

Look at this clever Twitter handle.  It's "Fly_On_The_Wall" spelled backwards:


But...wait a second....

He messed up with the word "On."  His name actually says "Fly_No_The_Wall" backwards!

Maybe the handle @llaW_ehT_nO_ylF was already taken?



Nope.  Not taken.

Anyway, give Mr. Fly a follow:  https://twitter.com/llaW_ehT_oN_ylF/

Wednesday, July 24, 2019

Is Jeff Zucker a big troll?

That was my takeaway from reading this 2017 New York Times article, titled:  "CNN Had a Problem. Donald Trump Solved It."

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/04/04/magazine/cnn-had-a-problem-donald-trump-solved-it.html

Take this part, for example:
Zucker surely knew that his hiring of Lewandowski would create controversy and in turn give his anchors something to talk about. That is exactly what happened: The hiring became a cable-news story about cable news.
He be trolling.

Monday, July 22, 2019

Taters Be Tating

A Louisiana cop was fired after sharing a story from TatersGonnaTate.com onto Facebook and making a comment about Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez :

https://nypost.com/2019/07/21/louisiana-cop-says-aoc-needs-a-round-as-in-should-be-shot/

I had to Google around to actually find the TatersGonnaTate story.  The New York Post wasn't linking to it.  Snopes had me covered, though: 

https://tatersgonnatate.com/warbird/

Taters Gonna Tate is a website run by Christopher Blair.  His sites are meant to be satire.  I guess.  Couldn't ANY troll site be labeled satire? 

Sunday, July 21, 2019

That time Tim Pool's fire truck was on fire

So I was checking my comments from the Unicorn Riot Discord leak.

I'm proud to say most of my comments were written for the purpose of calling out Tim Pool over a dumb thing he did on Twitter.

October 4:
So the "jordan_hunt18" Twitter account has admitted to being a parody. Did Tim seriously think it was a legit account? https://twitter.com/jordan_hunt18/status/1047959104927539201
https://twitter.com/Timcast/status/1047934937830248450
This time, it was Tim's firetruck that was on fire.
October 5:
Tim finally got around to deleting his tweet about the phony "Jordan Hunt" account: http://archive.is/euAUV
No acknowledgment on his timeline, though. Someone mentioned that Tim owns up to his mistakes, so I'm sure he'll make an acknowledgment eventually.
I also want to give a shout-out to Discord user Dan V, who said after my "firetruck" comment:
tim isn't perfect but he owns up to his mistakes
Later, when I pointed out that Tim hadn't acknowledged his mistake, Dan V said:
he's usually good. Maybe he won't in this case. I don't find that mocking an unknowing troll account on Twitter is a big deal
 Good input, Dan V.

Saturday, July 20, 2019

Tim Pool's shoplifting secret

In February, 2018, Tim Pool posted a video titled: "I PROVED STEALING FROM AMAZON GO IS INSANELY EASY."  (Yes, in all caps.)


Tim starts off by talking about the glories of the Amazon GO store, and then explains:  "There is, in fact, a problem, because shoplifting is so ridiculously easy from the Amazon store, I was able to walk out of the store with a bag full of groceries that I did not pay for."

Tim then shows footage he took from inside the Amazon GO store.  He has a bag of groceries and walks out.  "No edits, no cuts," he says, like a magician trying to wow his audience with a parlor trick.  He sits down a block away from the store and waits for his receipt to appear on his phone.  And indeed, the receipt shows Tim only paid for some peppermints.  Tim concludes:  "Shoplifting at Amazon GO is easier than any other store I have ever been to...I have successfully proven that it is absurdly easy to take a bag with whatever you want and walk out of the store and the system will not charge you for it."

Tim didn't explain in the video how he shoplifted from Amazon GO.  However, he later explained the process on his Discord server.  You can read the conversation here:
https://discordleaks.unicornriot.ninja/discord/view/9999778?q=#msg

Timcast:
I actually was able to take a full bag of shit out of the amazon store without paying
and its so stupid easy
no one tried to stop me
i wont make a vid about it or tweet but the discord is relatively small
so basically
steal items from someone elses bag
its so stupid easy
just walk up to someones bag and grab something
i did a bag swap
walked in
grabbed mints
put my bag down
grabbed a different bag
walked out
the other person will be charged for it
then that person will likely just get a refund
...
but my main point about amazon store is that
they have made it ridiculously easy to shoplift
their system is EASIER to steal from than a regular market
and no one will stop you
they are hoping the honor system works
...
i didnt steal anything legally tho, I did pay for everything
we used tow [sic] accounts
and I took the other accounts bag
emily filled a bag
then I went in and took her bag
she got charged for the items
So the secret it:  Take food from another person's bag!  Nobody will stop you.  Except maybe the person whose food you're taking.  They might mind.  But ideally they won't notice!

Anyway, I wanted to know what Tim's shoplifting secret was.  And evidently so did a few other people, like YouTube commenter MagicPeaceLove:



Heeeeeey, Alvin307, you son of a bitch, you figured it out!

Friday, July 19, 2019

DailyWire.com is banned on The_Donald

The_Donald bans certain right-wing domains, which on the surface is kind of strange  You would think The_Donald would be a place without censorship, right?  (I guess censorship and moderating aren't the same thing.) 

Anyway, I tried submitting a story from DailyWire.com earlier today, and it didn't appear in the new queue.  Then I noticed there weren't any posts from DailyWire.com in The_Donald since January 29th.  Then I remembered that Ben Shapiro is the editor-in-chief of DailyWire.com, and apparently Ben Shapiro has the reputation of not being sufficiently pro-Trump.  Commenter /u/waicool summed it up in a thread earlier this month:
"Ben shap doesn’t belong on T_D, he’s unprincipled and not MAGA. Everyday some BS shill posts his useless tripe here."  
Whoopsie. 

InfoWars.com seems to be okay.  There have been two links to InfoWars.com in The_Donald within the past three days.  Breitbart.com is still popular on The_Donald.  So are FoxNews.com and DailyCaller.com

How about TheGatewayPundit.com?  The most-recent link to TheGatewayPundit.com was 28 days ago, but the second-most-recent link was over a year ago.  TheGatewayPundit.com is run by Jim Hoft, and I don't know what his reputation is among Trump supporters.  I can still find a bunch of links to TheGatewayPundit.com across Reddit, so it's not like the domain is banned site-wide. 

Thursday, July 18, 2019

Unicorn Riot Discord Leaks

Whoa, this is a large resource:
https://discordleaks.unicornriot.ninja/discord/

According to the description:
Unicorn Riot obtained hundreds of thousands of messages from white supremacist and neo-nazi Discord chat servers after Charlottesville. Unicorn Riot Discord Leaks opens far-right activity centers to public scrutiny through data journalism.
The site is easy to navigate, and it seems pretty comprehensive, too.  I was able to find the posts I made in Tim Pool's "Subverse" discord!  (I think Pool shut down that server a few months ago.)

Wednesday, July 17, 2019

Will Tim Pool sue NBC News???

Tim Pool is hangry.  Or maybe just angry:


It sounds like he's suggesting he might sue news outlets that say he "helped push" the Seth Rich conspiracy.  Or...maybe he would only sue news outlets if they say he claimed the Seth Rich conspiracy was true?

Truth be told, I don't know what the conditions are that would persuade Tim Pool to sue a news outlet.  But I do know that NBC News wrote about Tim as part of its coverage of the White House social media summit.

https://www.nbcnews.com/tech/social-media/conspiracy-theorists-far-right-agitators-head-white-house-social-media-n1028576

NBC News wrote:
Tim Pool, a YouTube personality who has pushed the false conspiracy theory that former Democratic National Committee staffer Seth Rich leaked hacked emails to WikiLeaks, also plans to attend the event.
So NBC News says Tim Pool pushed the Seth Rich conspiracy.  Are those fighting words?  (Or rather, suing words?)  Stay tuned.  We might found out!

Incidentally, here is the Twitter video that NBC News linked to:


Hey Tim, eat a Snickers.  You get litigious when you're hungry! 

Tuesday, July 16, 2019

TFW you accidentally refer to Hitler as a "hero"

We've all been there:


H/T:  The /r/DaveRubin subreddit:  https://www.reddit.com/r/daverubin/comments/cdi0gx/video_of_tim_pool_calling_adolf_hitler_a_ww2_hero/

Admittedly, I did not watch Tim's video before the edit.  But, judging by the YouTube comments, there were a whole lot of people who caught the remark: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J9g-M2adW74

Monday, July 15, 2019

That time Twitter tossed "Talia"

Here was another example of Twitter suspending an account that used a misleading profile photo:
https://www.cnn.com/2019/01/21/tech/twitter-suspends-account-native-american-maga-teens/index.html

The twitter account, @2020Fight, helped make a video of the Covington Catholic kids go viral.  2020Fight claimed to be a California schoolteacher named Talia, yet she used a profile picture of a Brazilian blogger named Nah Cardoso.

So why did Twitter suspend the account?
A spokesperson for Twitter told CNN Business, "Deliberate attempts to manipulate the public conversation on Twitter by using misleading account information is a violation of the Twitter Rules." 
The source familiar with Twitter's investigation told CNN Business the company's initial findings suggested the account was run from the US, but said it can be difficult to determine an account owner's actual location.
Some people thought the account was based in Brazil, even though there's no logical reason to think that.  What exactly was the misleading account information?  Was it just the profile photo?  Was it the profile photo + the name Talia?  Was it something else entirely?  Because my gut says she really was a teacher in California.   

Let's see what the official Twitter rules say:  https://help.twitter.com/en/rules-and-policies/twitter-rules
Impersonation: You may not impersonate individuals, groups, or organizations in a manner that is intended to or does mislead, confuse, or deceive others. 
Hmm....

Talia?  Nah...

Sunday, July 14, 2019

USA Today is banned in /r/News

I tried submitting a link from USAToday.com to /r/News yesterday, but it didn't appear in the new queue:

I didn't think there were any keywords in the title that would trigger the automoderator, so I checked if there had been ANY recent links to USAToday.com in /r/News.  It turns out the most-recent visible post was submitted on February 21st:



Five months without a single submission to USA Today?  No way that would happen by chance.  The domain is banned.  I checked RedditSearch.io to see how many times during this past week people tried submitting a link to USAToday.com in /r/News, and got over 40 results.  (All of which have been removed, of course.)

I wonder why the moderators don't like USA Today?  It's hard to think of a more middle-of-the-road publication.  Nobody gets offended by USA Today!   

Saturday, July 13, 2019

Some guy on Medium

Deadline inserted an editor's note in an article that mentioned Tim Pool:  

Here's how the article currently looks:
While the White House has not released a list of the summit invitees, some of the reported or self-identified guests are Qanon conspiracy theorist Bill Mitchell; Ali Alexander, who recently questioned Democratic Sen. Kamala Harris’ ethnicity, reportedly has been invited; Turning Point USA founder Charlie Kirk; James O’Keefe; right-wing meme creator “Carpe Donktum”; and Tim Pool. 
(Editors note: An earlier version of this article said Pool claimed that Seth Rich leaked hacked emails to WikiLeaks; other publications, including Daily Beast, The New Republic and Medium, have also linked Pool to Rich conspiracy claims. But in in an email to Deadline, Pool denied making the WikiLeaks claim. In tweets today, he wrote that “Media now falsely claiming that by saying I didn’t *completely* believe Seth Rich leaked emails to Wikileaks I “helped push” the conspiracy theory.”)
It's funny how they refer to Medium as a "publication."  If you click the link, it leads here:

https://medium.com/@abegaustad/tim-pool-phony-liberal-67e409cd34ca

It's a Medium post by a writer named Abe Gaustad.  It's not a bad article, but it's literally just some random guy.  He has 103 followers on Twitter.  It's a personal post.  It was published on Medium, but it wasn't published by Medium.  Medium wasn't acting like a publication here.  Rather than saying "Medium," Deadline should've just said "some guy on Medium."  Anyway, I liked the article, so I started following Abe Gaustad on Twitter.  Now he's up to 104 followers.

Friday, July 12, 2019

Carpe Donktum is....Logan Cook?

I was browsing The_Donald yesterday and saw this funny image titled: "According to CNN, Carpe Donktum has transcended from meme warrior to a being of pure light."



Come on, CNN.  You're one of the top news organizations in the world, and you don't know the identity of a guy visiting the White House?  Seriously???    You have to refer to him as an "anonymous troll"?  Also, why is his face grayed out?  There are plenty of pictures of Carpe Donktum on the internet.  He does interviews!  He's out in public...

Mr. Donktum (left)

Maybe CNN knows his name, but they're scared to reveal his identity, because of the dumpster fire they lit the last time they went after a meme-maker:  https://thehill.com/blogs/pundits-blog/media/340700-opinion-cnn-threat-to-unmask-trump-meme-creator-is-another-media

Regardless, this got my brain buzzing.  I've heard the name Carpe Donktum before, but I didn't know the guy was still ~anonymous~!  I just couldn't let this mystery stand.  I started digging around the internet, and, yada, yada, yada....  I found a Facebook profile for "Logan Cook" with pictures of Carpe Donktum:



When I Googled "Carpe Dunktum" + "Logan Cook," the only solid result was from the site www.carpedunktum.myportfolio.com.  The page features a collection of Donktum's videos, images, and gifs, as well as links to Donktum's social media profiles.  However, the portfolio page itself is titled "Logan Cook."



Could it be a coincidence?  Could it be that some programmer is pretending to be Carpe Donktum?  I doubt it.  The Facebook page wasn't recently created--it has a photo from 2015 showing the Kansas City Royals' World Series celebration.  I also found other clues, but....I have to be careful with how I present this stuff.  Carpe Donktum gave an interview to the Washington Post a few days ago where he expressed concern over harassment:  https://outline.com/Snwh92
“Where is the genius? I want to meet the genius," Trump said to @CarpeDonktum as the men entered the Oval Office, according to the recollection of @mad_liberals. Both men spoke to The Washington Post about their experience with the president on the condition their full names not be used, since they fear online or in-person harassment.
I'm not here to harass the guy.  He seems nice enough.  I just want to solve a mystery. 

Thursday, July 11, 2019

Not a Master of the Tomatometer

During his new stand-up special, Aziz Ansari asked an audience member what she thought of the movie Crazy Rich Asians:

Aziz:  "Any white people here see Crazy Rich Asians?  Raise you hands, anybody?  Yeah?  Yeah.  You ma'am, in the front, you saw it?  Yeah, It had like a 97% on Rotten Tomatoes.  You think it was that good?  97%?  Ehh, maybe a little less?  What number would you give it?"

Audience member:  "85."

Aziz:  "85.  Wow.  12% less.  Anything in particular you didn't like that made you dock it 12 points?"

It's so weird how people don't seem to understand how Rotten Tomatoes works.  The % score isn't meant to be a grade. It's just a reflection of what percentage of the critics gave the movie a positive (or fresh) review.  If every critic in the world kinda like a particular movie, that movie would have a 100% Tomatometer rating. 

If Crazy Rich Asians had a 97% rating on Rotten Tomatoes, that just means that 97% of critics liked the movie.  So what the woman in the audience is saying is that she feels that only 85% of critics should've liked the movie.  Well....that's what she's accidentally saying.  I'm guessing what she thought she was saying is that the movie was more of a "B" than it was an "A+." 

I wonder if Aziz Ansari understands how the Tomatometer works?  I'd like to think he does, and that he was fucking with the audience member in two ways:  First by making her nervous in admitting she wasn't a huge fan of Crazy Rich Asians, and second by exposing the fact that she doesn't understand how the Tomatometer works!

Wednesday, July 10, 2019

RIP "Rebeccs"

Remember this tweet?


The tweeter, a girl named Rebeccs, was threatening to throw her DVD copy of The Little Mermaid into the trash.  But eagle-eyed Brandon Wall noticed that the girl's profile picture was taken from elsewhere on the internet.  In other words: The girl was using a FAKE picture of herself.

My theory is that this was parody outrage.  The girl was just trolling, and she didn't seriously hate the casting decision.  But she knew the lemmings on Twitter would go CRAZY the moment they noticed someone dissing the choice of Halle Bailey for Ariel--especially if the person doing the dissing gave off a racist vibe.

Brandon Wall, however, zeroed in on the fact that the girl was using a fake profile photo.  And so, of course, you have a lot of people talking about how "Rebeccs" was a front.

Here's the thing, though:  I don't think people understood the nature of her deception.  Rebeccs was playing into the stereotype of a racist white girl, and she was doing it for laughs.  She wasn't, like, a Russian troll or anything.  (At least, I don't think so.)

The problem is that Twitter suspended Rebecc's account, so now there's no way to review her tweet history.  I did glance through her history briefly, and my impression was that she was American AF.  That was just my impression, though.  I wish I knew WHY Twitter suspended the account--that would be enlightening.

Sunday, July 7, 2019

Rivitz's boycott

Breitbart is losing traffic.  Breitbart is losing advertisers.

WaPo wrote about Breitbart's struggles:

https://www.washingtonpost.com/lifestyle/style/whatever-happened-to-breitbart-the-insurgent-star-of-the-right-is-in-a-long-slow-fade/2019/07/02/c8f501a2-9cde-11e9-85d6-5211733f92c7_story.html

I don't have a problem with Breitbart. But other people do.  Other people are salty.

Matt Rivitz is among the saltiest.  Here are Matt's thoughts on the matter:
“Breitbart is in a terrible spot,” said Matt Rivitz, the advertising executive who started the Sleeping Giants campaign. He added, “They can either continue down the path of printing highly inflammatory content and continue to hemorrhage advertisers, or moderate their content to try to win advertisers back, but risk a backlash from their readership, many of whom who go to the site precisely for that content. They can’t win.”
Matt.  You're the one leading the campaign to get advertisers to boycott Breitbart.  You play a role.  And you're not going to stop your campaign.  Let's be real.  If Breitbart tries to change its tone to win back advertisers, you're just going to try and make Breitbart lose those exact same advertisers again.  I mean, look at this tweet which the @Slpng_Giants account re-tweeted a few days ago:

There's a Breitbart headline visible in the attached photo.  (You might have to click on it to see the full context.)  The headline says: "President Trump Notes ‘Great Crowd’ at Salute to America."  Sure, you can debate about how dumb the parade was, but there wasn't anything inherently inflammatory about the story!  It was just patriotic fluff.  Oh, wait...the photo in the tweet also shows a few trending items from Breitbart, one of which is: "Commies Burn Flag."  That's literally inflammatory!  I stand corrected.

Saturday, July 6, 2019

For Life

Luke O'Brien says:


He links to an article on Forward.com. titled: "Neo-Nazi Andrew Anglin Is Still On Twitter Despite Ban — And Now We Know Where."

https://forward.com/news/national/426961/andrew-anglin-white-supremacist-neo-nazi-daily-stormer/

But, wait....if Andrew Anglin was banned, then doesn't that mean Twitter did take steps to ban hate and extremism?  I don't get the framing here.  If Anglin was banned from Twitter, and he's defying that ban, then the issue is that Twitter has problems enforcing its bans.  Is it right to assume these bans are permanent...that once you get banned, you're banned for life?




If so, then the new account should be banned.  Banned for the crime of ban-evasion.  

Anyway, I'll watch what happens.  Anglin's current handle is @Rumples42296282.  His Twitter ID# is 1071550279529705472.

Friday, July 5, 2019

Complex's legacy

Alex Galbraith, what are you doing?

https://www.complex.com/pop-culture/2019/07/the-little-mermaid-halle-bailey-twitter-response

You wrote a whole article about Twitter troll @woo_ahhh, who dissed the casting of Halle Bailey as Ariel.  And in that article you said:
The Chloe X Halle star's casting in the upcoming live-action remake of The Little Mermaid caused at least one troll to go viral with a video of herself chucking a copy of the original film in the trash. The user got dunked into oblivion, with Twitter users tearing into her until the app itself swooped in to suspend her account. 
 I'm preeetty sure there wasn't a video of the troll tossing the film into the trash.  It was just a still from another person's video.  And the still came from an unboxing video:


Listen, Alex Galbraith, if I was your editor (and I'm not) I would ask you to fact-check this article.  You think this is just a fluffy article?  No.  This is Complex's legacy!

Thursday, July 4, 2019

True independence...from WaPo

The Washington Post says that unlimited access to their articles is "true independence."



I disagree!  True independence is using Outline.com to read WaPo articles for free.  I actually used Outline.com yesterday because I wanted to see if this Glenn Kessler column was real:

Yup, it's real: https://outline.com/UhgJCs

 FRIDAY, can we get a photo of Glenn Kessler?



Jesus Christ!  What's wrong with his face?

I'd rather not pay for the Washington Post while this man works there.  I'll continue using Outline.com.

Wednesday, July 3, 2019

Quick-drying cement? More like quick-spreading fake news!

The Portland Police sent out a tweet last weekend saying that the milkshakes thrown during a demonstration had quick-drying cement.
Quick-drying cement?  Sounds dangerous.

But it turns out the milkshakes did NOT have quick-drying cement:

https://www.portlandmercury.com/blogtown/2019/06/30/26731412/portland-police-offer-no-proof-that-protesters-had-milkshakes-with-quick-dry-cement

So what do you do when disinformation comes from official, checkmarked sources on Twitter?  You can't really blame the disinformation on right-wing dunces.  The right-wing dunces are just repeating what they heard from official sources.  Hell, even NBC News treated the tweet as official news, publishing an article titled:  Demonstrators clash in Portland, Oregon, throw 'concrete milkshakes'

https://web.archive.org/web/20190630083532/https://www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/demonstrators-clash-portland-oregon-throw-concrete-milkshakes-n1025036

I think Caroline Orr and Charlie Warzel both wrote analyses of how the milkshake rumor spread, but I'm not going to link to them.  I'll just keep in mind that they wrote analyses.

Tuesday, July 2, 2019

Send Ryu help

I like this Ryukahr fellow. 

Oftentimes, if you see a video titled: "My Mind is Melting, Send Help" you know it's going to be some silly clickbait.  But as I watched Ryu's video, I could see that his mind really was melting!  Send this man some help!


Monday, July 1, 2019

ThinkProgress is for sale

Will Bryan Goldberg buy it???

The Daily Beast has the scoop:

https://www.thedailybeast.com/center-for-american-progress-puts-think-progress-up-for-sale

This paragraph caught my eye:
But the site, which is editorially independent from CAP, has struggled in recent years as advertising revenues have dried up and traffic has dipped. According to internal documents previously reviewed by The Daily Beast, the site was facing a $3 million gulf between revenues and expenses in 2019, with $350,000 of it made up by a shortfall in ad revenue and nearly $180,000 of it coming from a drop in expected online contributions. 
What's the breakdown of ThinkProgress's budget, anyway?  Like, what are the salaries of the ThinkProgress writers?  And what are the other expenses?  And how much revenue does the site actually generate?  I guess I'll have to read the other Daily Beast article to understand that better.